2020 P1 Q20 - Deducing Reactions in Catalytic Converter

Let's take a look at 2020 A Levels H2 Chemistry Paper 1 Question 20.

2020 p1 q20 question

We are required to deduce the reactions occurring in the catalytic converter.

Here is what would happen when pollutants from exhaust fumes pass through the catalytic converter.

In general the pollutant gases are converted to gases with no adverse effect on the environment.

2020 p1 q20 catalytic converter reactions

Oxides of nitrogen are converted to nitrogen gas N2.

Carbon monoxide and unburnt carbon are converted to carbon dioxide CO2.

CO2 is a major contributor to global warming but only when in excessive quantities.

Compared to other carbon-containing pollutant gases, CO2 is generally harmless and very stable.

Unburnt hydrocarbons are converted to carbon dioxide and water.

Let's run through the statements and see if they are correct.

1. Carbon dioxide is removed by reduction.

2020 p1 q20 statement 1

This is not true as the catalytic converter converts more harmful compounds like carbon monoxide, unburnt carbon and hydrocarbons to carbon dioxide.

CO2 is produced instead of being removed.

2. Oxides of nitrogen are removed by reduction.

2020 p1 q20 statement 2

Oxides of nitrogen are converted to N2 gas.

Since oxygen is removed, this is considered as reduction.

Hence statement 2 is correct.

3. Unburnt hydrocarbons are removed by oxidation.

2020 p1 q20 statement 3

This is true as conversion of hydrocarbons to CO2 and H2O is considered as combustion.

Hence hydrocarbons are oxidised.

We can now run through the options and determine the answer to this question is option B.

2020 p1 q20 answer

Topic: Kinetics, Physical Chemistry, A Level Chemistry, Singapore

Back to list of questions for 2020 A Level H2 Chemistry Paper 1.

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